Summer in the United States could be eight degrees warmer by 2100

Summer in the United States could be eight degrees warmer by 2100

Cities in the United States could be eight degrees warmer on average by 2100. In about 78 years, 247 U.S. cities could look like an entire part of the country – or the world – researchers at Climate Central, a non-profit organization that researches climate change.

The independent group of scientists and communicators analyzed climate change and how it will affect people’s lives. They found that 16 US cities could see Middle East-equivalent summer temperatures by 2100. Other cities could see temperatures reflecting locations 437 miles to the south.

Chicago is expected to warm up to 9.1 degrees Fahrenheit, feeling more like Montgomery, Alabama.

New York is expected to warm up by 7.6 degrees, with summers that should look more like Columbia, South Carolina.

Houston is expected to warm up 6.4 degrees, feeling like Lahore, Pakistan, while Phoenix could rise 7.2 degrees, feeling like Al Mubarraz, Saudi Arabia.

Mitchell, South Dakota is expected to heat up more – by 11.1 degrees – and should look more like Wichita Falls, Texas.

The hottest average temperatures of summer days were analyzed. The researchers did not incorporate humidity, which contributes to how annoying the summer heat can be.

“The Earth is warming because the greenhouse gases we emit, mainly from burning fossil fuels, collect in our atmosphere and act like a blanket, trapping the heat,” Climate Central spokesman Peter Girard told CBS News. “The blanket becomes denser and traps more heat as we add more pollution, which is why summer temperatures in US cities have risen. And they will continue to rise until we stop contributing more pollution to that blanket that traps the sun. heat. “

Extreme heat and longer heat waves can lead to disease or death, Climate Central says. With less nighttime cooling due to climate change, vulnerable people, the elderly, outdoor workers, and people with chronic illnesses can experience more heat stress.

“The summer heat will have an impact on health. Working outdoors, playing sports and exercising, or living without air conditioning will not only be uncomfortable, but also dangerous,” Girard said. “Millions of Americans are already adjusting their lives to avoid the midday heat and millions more are struggling to stay safe and cool. These realities will become increasingly common as summer temperatures rise.”

Extreme heat can lead to greater risks of heatstroke, extreme heat worsens air quality, especially in cities, Girard added.

But climate change isn’t just about health. It can worsen air quality and pollution, lead to more fires, floods, and sea rise, and worsen allergies, among other things, says Climate Central. It can also impact mental health as hot weather can lead to more catastrophic weather events, from which it is physically and mentally difficult to recover.

Solutions to climate change can also positively affect human health. Climate Central suggests planting trees, which reduce carbon dioxide and purify the air, driving an electric car, which reduces emissions and improves air quality; and composting, which also reduces carbon dioxide and improves soil and crop health.

Girard says that as long as pollution builds up in our atmosphere, temperatures will continue to rise. But climate change is more than just an excess of heat.

“This analysis did not explore other impacts of climate change, but more intense rainfall is another impact that American cities are already seeing,” he said. “Because a warm atmosphere can hold more moisture, many places are subject to heavier rainfall and greater risk of flash flooding than even 50 years ago.”

And for most Americans, winter heating too. “This harms winter sports and local economies, but winter warming also disrupts the growing season and stresses some crops, especially fruit trees, and broadens the ranges of common allergens and parasites such as mosquitoes and ticks,” he said. .

Cities in the United States and Europe have experienced several heat waves this summer. In the month of July, some US cities have seen three-digit temperatures and warnings about high fire conditions and heat sickness. In the same month, Britain recorded its first temperature over 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit).

On Wednesday, Terry Eliasen, CBS Boston meteorologist and executive producer of weather forecasts extreme hottest saying was expected in the area just over a week after it suffered a seven-day heat wave.

Scientists warn the world must prepare for the risks of the “endgame climate”

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